Seasonal allergies are a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. They are caused by an overreaction of the immune system to specific allergens, such as pollen, dust mites, and pet dander. Symptoms of seasonal allergies can include sneezing, runny nose, itchy eyes, and congestion.
There are several over-the-counter (OTC) medications available that can help to relieve these symptoms.
Antihistamines are the most common type of OTC medication used to treat allergies. They work by blocking the effects of histamine, a substance that your body produces in response to an allergic reaction. There are several different antihistamines available, and they vary in terms of their effectiveness and side effects. Some of the most common antihistamines include:
- Cetirizine (Benadryl)
- Desloratadine (Clarinex)
- Fexofenadine (Allegra)
- Loratadine (Claritin)
Antihistamines can be taken as pills, liquids, or nasal sprays. They typically start working within 30 minutes to an hour, and their effects can last for up to 24 hours.
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Decongestants work by narrowing the blood vessels in your nose, which can help to relieve congestion. They are available as pills, liquids, or nasal sprays. Decongestants can cause side effects such as anxiety, insomnia, and increased heart rate. They should not be used for more than 7 days without talking to your doctor.
Nasal sprays are a good option for people who have allergies that affect their noses. They can help to relieve congestion, runny nose, and sneezing. There are several different nasal sprays available, and they vary in terms of their effectiveness and side effects. Some of the most common nasal sprays include:
- Fluticasone (Flonase)
- Mometasone (Nasonex)
- Triamcinolone (Nasacort)
Nasal sprays can take up to 2 weeks to start working and should be used regularly to maintain their effectiveness.
Eye drops can help to relieve itchy, red eyes caused by allergies. There are several different eye drops available, and they vary in terms of their effectiveness and side effects. Some of the most common eye drops include:
- Ketotifen (Zaditor)
- Olopatadine (Patanol)
- Azelastine (Optivar)
Eye drops can start working within minutes, and they can be used as needed.
If your symptoms are severe, you may need to speak to a pharmacist or see your doctor for prescription medication. Prescription allergy medications can be more effective than OTC medications, but they also have more side effects.
In addition to taking medication, there are several other things you can do to manage your seasonal allergies. These include:
- Avoiding your allergens: If you know what your allergens are, try to avoid them as much as possible.
- Taking allergy shots: Allergy shots can help to reduce your sensitivity to allergens.
- Getting enough sleep: Getting enough sleep can help to improve your immune system and make you less susceptible to allergies.
- Exercising regularly: Exercise can help to improve your overall health and reduce stress, which can both trigger allergies.
- Staying hydrated: Drinking plenty of fluids can help to thin mucus and make it easier to cough up.
By taking medication and following these tips, you can manage your seasonal allergies and enjoy a more comfortable allergy season.
Here are some additional tips
- Keep your home clean and free of dust and pollen.
- Use a humidifier to add moisture to the air, which can help to relieve congestion.
- Take a cool shower or bath to help relieve itching.
- Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from pollen.
- Wash your hands frequently to remove allergens.
- If you smoke, quit. Smoking can make allergies worse.
If you are experiencing allergy symptoms, it is important to talk to your doctor to find the best treatment option for you. Your doctor can help you to determine which medications are right for you and can discuss any potential side effects.