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the role of pharmacist in patient care beyond dispensing medication

The Role of Pharmacists in Patient Care: Beyond Dispensing Medications

When we think of pharmacists, the immediate association is often with medication dispensing. However, the role of pharmacists extends far beyond that, encompassing a range of responsibilities that contribute to comprehensive patient care. Pharmacists are integral members of the healthcare team, bringing their expertise and unique skill set to enhance patient outcomes and ensure optimal medication therapy management.

The evolving landscape of healthcare demands a broader scope for pharmacists, one that goes beyond the traditional confines of the pharmacy counter. In today's healthcare setting, pharmacists are actively involved in patient care, working closely with physicians, nurses, and other healthcare professionals to provide holistic and personalized care.

One of the key areas where pharmacists excel is medication management. By participating in team rounds and medication reviews, pharmacists contribute their knowledge to help identify and address potential drug interactions, adverse effects, and medication-related problems. Their expertise in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics enables them to optimize medication regimens and tailor treatments to individual patients, improving therapeutic outcomes and minimizing risks.

Pharmacists also play a crucial role in patient education and counseling. They have the opportunity to engage in meaningful conversations with patients and their caregivers, providing valuable information about their medications, including dosage, administration, potential side effects, and drug interactions. By fostering open communication, pharmacists empower patients to take an active role in their healthcare, enhancing medication adherence and overall treatment efficacy.

In addition to direct patient care, pharmacists offer support and guidance to other healthcare professionals. They assist in patient assessments, providing insights into medication-related inquiries and offering recommendations for appropriate therapy. Pharmacists also educate and train healthcare staff on medication administration techniques, ensuring safe and effective practices in the delivery of care.

Pharmacists working in community-based healthcare settings, including palliative care, can have a profound impact on patient well-being. They establish relationships with patients and caregivers, offering ongoing psychosocial support throughout the different stages of illness. By addressing concerns, providing counseling, and facilitating access to resources, pharmacists contribute to the overall quality of life for patients and their families.

Beyond their direct involvement in patient care, pharmacists take on administrative responsibilities that contribute to efficient medication management. They ensure compliance with regulatory requirements, facilitate the procurement and safe storage of medications, and maintain accurate documentation. Pharmacists also play a vital role in benchmarking practices across different healthcare centers, promoting consistent and equitable care delivery.

The role of pharmacists in patient care is ever-evolving, driven by the evolving healthcare landscape and the recognition of their unique expertise. With their extensive knowledge of medications, their interactions, and their impact on patient health, pharmacists are well-positioned to contribute significantly to healthcare teams.

As we celebrate World Pharmacists Day, it is important to acknowledge the pivotal role pharmacists play in patient care. Their dedication, expertise, and commitment to ensuring optimal medication therapy make them trusted partners in the journey toward improved health outcomes. Pharmacists are no longer confined to dispensing medications; they are key players in comprehensive patient care, making a difference in the lives of individuals and communities they serve.

In conclusion, the role of pharmacists in patient care extends far beyond medication dispensing. Pharmacists bring unique skills, knowledge, and perspectives to the healthcare team, enabling them to contribute significantly to optimal medication therapy management, patient education, and overall healthcare outcomes. As healthcare continues to evolve, the value of pharmacists as integral members of the interdisciplinary care team becomes increasingly evident, reinforcing their vital role in delivering high-quality, patient-centered care.

coq 10 supplements

CoQ 10 Supplements: What You Need To Know

Coenzyme Q10, commonly known as CoQ10, is a naturally occurring compound found in every cell of the human body. It plays a vital role in the production of energy within cells and is particularly important for the functioning of organs with high energy demands, such as the heart, liver, and kidneys. CoQ10 also functions as an antioxidant, protecting cells from damage caused by free radicals.

One of the most common forms of CoQ10 supplements is CoQ10 100 mg. This dosage is considered a standard and is widely available in health food stores, pharmacies, and online retailers. In this article, we will explore the benefits, side effects, and recommended dosage of CoQ10 100 mg.

Benefits of CoQ 10 Supplements

Improved Heart Health

CoQ10 is essential for the proper functioning of the heart muscle. Research has shown that CoQ10 supplementation may help reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases such as heart failure and high blood pressure.

Increased Energy

CoQ10 is involved in the production of ATP, the molecule that provides energy to cells. Supplementing with CoQ10 may help boost energy levels and reduce fatigue.

Antioxidant Properties

CoQ10 acts as a powerful antioxidant, protecting cells from damage caused by free radicals. This may help prevent the development of chronic diseases, such as cancer and Alzheimer's disease.

Improved Excercise Performance

CoQ10 supplementation may improve exercise performance by increasing energy production and reducing muscle damage and inflammation.

From our store: CoQ10 Supplements

General Guidelines on Side Effects

CoQ10 supplements are generally considered safe and well-tolerated, with few reported side effects. However, some individuals may experience mild side effects from taking CoQ10 supplements, particularly at higher doses.

The most common side effects of CoQ10 supplementation include gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and may be alleviated by taking CoQ10 supplements with food or reducing the dosage.

In rare cases, individuals may experience allergic reactions to CoQ10 supplements, which can cause hives, swelling, and difficulty breathing. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should stop taking CoQ10 supplements immediately and seek medical attention.

CoQ10 supplements may also interact with certain medications, particularly blood-thinning medications such as warfarin, and can reduce their effectiveness. Individuals taking these medications should consult with their healthcare provider before starting a CoQ10 supplement regimen.

It is also important to note that high doses of CoQ10 may interfere with insulin and blood sugar control in individuals with diabetes. Individuals with diabetes should consult with their healthcare provider before starting a CoQ10 supplement regimen and closely monitor their blood sugar levels.

Overall, CoQ10 supplements are generally safe and well-tolerated when taken at recommended doses. However, individuals should be aware of potential side effects and consult with their healthcare provider before starting a CoQ10 supplement regimen, particularly if they have any underlying health conditions or are taking any medications.

CoQ 10 Supplements Recommended Dosage by Health Condition

Heart Disease

CoQ10 plays a crucial role in maintaining heart health by improving energy production in heart cells and reducing oxidative stress. For individuals with heart disease, a higher dosage of CoQ10 supplement may be necessary to achieve therapeutic benefits. A daily dose of 200-600 mg of CoQ10 supplements may help improve heart function, reduce the risk of cardiovascular events, and improve exercise capacity. However, the optimal dosage may vary based on the severity of the heart condition, and it is important to consult with a healthcare provider before starting a CoQ10 supplement regimen.

Migraines

CoQ10 may help reduce the frequency and severity of migraines by improving mitochondrial function and reducing inflammation. A daily dose of 300 mg of CoQ10 may be beneficial for individuals suffering from migraines, and it may take several months to see the full effects. CoQ10 may also be combined with other supplements, such as magnesium and riboflavin, to further improve migraine symptoms.

Parkinson's Disease

Parkinson's disease is characterized by the loss of dopamine-producing neurons in the brain, leading to motor symptoms such as tremors and stiffness. CoQ10 supplements may help slow the progression of Parkinson's disease by improving mitochondrial function and reducing oxidative stress. Some studies have shown that a daily dose of 1,200 mg of CoQ10 supplements may help improve motor symptoms and quality of life in individuals with Parkinson's disease. However, further research is needed to confirm these findings.

Aging

As we age, our natural production of CoQ10 decreases, leading to a decline in energy production and an increased risk of chronic diseases. CoQ10 supplementation may help support overall health and vitality in older adults by improving energy production and reducing oxidative stress. A daily dose of 100-200 mg of CoQ10 supplements may be beneficial for older adults, and it may help improve cognitive function, reduce inflammation, and improve exercise capacity.

Fertility

CoQ10 may improve fertility in both men and women by improving mitochondrial function and reducing oxidative stress. A daily dose of 200-600 mg of CoQ10 may be beneficial for individuals seeking to improve their fertility, and it may help improve sperm quality, egg quality, and embryo quality. However, the optimal dosage may vary based on individual factors, and it is important to consult with a healthcare provider before starting a CoQ10 supplement regimen.

Children

CoQ10 supplements are generally considered safe for children, but dosages should be adjusted based on age and weight. For children under 12, a daily dose of 30-100 mg is typically recommended. CoQ10 may help support overall health and energy production in children, and it may be beneficial for children with certain health conditions, such as mitochondrial disorders.

Athletes

CoQ10 supplementation may help improve exercise performance and reduce muscle damage and inflammation. Athletes may benefit from a daily dose of 200-400 mg of CoQ10, and it may help improve endurance, reduce muscle soreness, and improve recovery time. However, the optimal dosage may vary based on individual factors, such as the type and intensity of exercise, and it is important to consult with a healthcare provider before starting a CoQ10 supplement regimen.

Statin Use

Statins are a type of medication used to lower cholesterol levels, but they can also reduce the body's production of CoQ10. CoQ10 supplementation may help reduce the risk of statin-related side effects, such as muscle pain and weakness. A daily dose of 100-200 mg of CoQ10 may be beneficial for individuals taking statins, and it may help improve energy levels and reduce muscle damage.

Cancer

CoQ10 may have anticancer effects by improving mitochondrial function and reducing oxidative stress. Some studies have shown that CoQ10 supplementation may help improve survival rates and reduce the side effects of cancer treatment. However, further research is needed to confirm these findings, and it is important to consult with a healthcare provider before starting a CoQ10 supplement regimen for cancer.

Diabetes

CoQ10 may help improve glucose control and reduce the risk of complications in individuals with diabetes. A daily dose of 100-200 mg of CoQ10 may be beneficial for individuals with diabetes, and it may help improve insulin sensitivity and reduce inflammation. However, the optimal dosage may vary based on individual factors, such as the severity of diabetes, and it is important to consult with a healthcare provider before starting a CoQ10 supplement regimen.

High Blood Pressure

CoQ10 may help lower blood pressure by improving endothelial function and reducing oxidative stress. A daily dose of 100-200 mg of CoQ10 may be beneficial for individuals with high blood pressure, and it may help reduce systolic blood pressure by 10-17 mmHg. However, the optimal dosage may vary based on individual factors, such as the severity of high blood pressure, and it is important to consult with a healthcare provider before starting a CoQ10 supplement regimen.

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

CoQ10 supplements are generally considered safe during pregnancy and breastfeeding, but dosages should be adjusted based on individual factors. A daily dose of 30-100 mg of CoQ10 may be beneficial for pregnant and breastfeeding women, and it may help improve energy levels and reduce oxidative stress. However, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider before starting a CoQ10 supplement regimen during pregnancy or breastfeeding.

CoQ10 is a powerful antioxidant that plays a crucial role in maintaining energy production and reducing oxidative stress. The optimal dosage of CoQ10 may vary based on individual factors, such as age, health condition, and medication use. It is important to consult with a healthcare provider before starting a CoQ10 supplement regimen and to monitor for any potential side effects or interactions with other medications or supplements.

To conclude

CoQ10 100 mg is a widely available and popular supplement that may offer numerous health benefits, including improved heart health, increased energy, and antioxidant properties. While side effects are rare, it is important to talk to your healthcare provider before taking CoQ10, especially if you are currently taking any medications. With the right dosage and proper guidance, CoQ10 100 mg can be a valuable addition to your health and wellness routine.

Managing Common Cold and Flu Symptoms: Over-the-Counter Medication Options

Talking to your doctor before taking any OTC medications is important, especially if you have any underlying health conditions. Your doctor can help you choose the right medications for your symptoms and make sure that they are safe for you to take.

This is How You can Manage Common Cold & Flu Symptoms with OTC Medications

Common colds and flu are respiratory illnesses caused by viral infections. They share many symptoms, such as congestion, cough, sore throat, and body aches which can be uncomfortable and disruptive to daily life. While there is no cure for the common cold and flu, over-the-counter (OTC) medications can relieve their symptoms.

This article will explore the options of OTC medications available for managing common cold and flu symptoms.

Decongestant

Nasal congestion is a common symptom of both cold and flu. Decongestants are medications that help reduce nasal congestion by constricting blood vessels in the nasal passages, thereby decreasing swelling and allowing for easier breathing. OTC decongestant options include phenylephrine and pseudoephedrine.

These medications are available in nasal spray or oral tablet forms. It's important to note that decongestant nasal sprays should not be used for more than three days in a row, as they can cause rebound congestion and worsen symptoms.

Antihistamines

Antihistamines are commonly used to relieve symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing, and watery eyes caused by allergies, but they can also provide relief for cold and flu symptoms. OTC antihistamines such as diphenhydramine, loratadine, and cetirizine can help alleviate these symptoms and also help with sleep, as some antihistamines have sedating effects. However, it's important to be cautious with sedating antihistamines, as they can cause drowsiness and impair coordination.

Cough Suppressant

Both common colds and flu can cause coughing, which can be irritating and persistent. Cough suppressants, such as dextromethorphan, can help reduce the urge to cough and provide relief. These medications are available in various formulations, including lozenges, syrups, and tablets. It's important to read the label and follow the dosing instructions carefully, as some formulations may contain multiple active ingredients that can interact with other medications or cause side effects

Expectorants

Expectorants are medications that help thin and loosen mucus in the respiratory tract, making it easier to clear out by coughing. Guaifenesin is a common expectorant available over-the-counter that can help relieve congestion caused by cold and flu. It's important to drink plenty of fluids while taking expectorants to help thin mucus and promote its clearance.

Pain Relievers / Fever Reducers

The common cold and flu can cause discomfort and pain, including headaches, body aches, and fever. OTC pain relievers/fever reducers such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and aspirin can help alleviate these symptoms. However, aspirin should not be given to children and teenagers due to the risk of developing a serious condition called Reye's syndrome.

Throat Lozenges

Throat lozenges can help soothe a sore throat, which is a common symptom of cold and flu. Lozenges containing menthol, benzocaine, or dyclonine can provide temporary relief from throat pain and irritation.

However, it's important to avoid lozenges with excessive sugar content, as they can worsen throat discomfort.

It's important to note that while OTC medications can provide relief from the common cold and flu symptoms, they do not cure the viral infections themselves. It's crucial to follow proper hygiene practices, such as frequent handwashing, covering your mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing, and staying home when you're sick, to prevent the spread of the viruses to others.

Before using any OTC medication, it's essential to read the label and follow the dosing instructions carefully. Some medications may have potential side effects or interactions with other medications you may be taking, so it's best to consult with a healthcare professional, especially if you have any underlying health conditions or are pregnant or breastfeeding.

In some cases, OTC medications may not be suitable for everyone. Children, pregnant women, breastfeeding mothers, and individuals with certain health conditions may need to consult with a healthcare professional before using OTC medications for cold and flu symptoms.

In addition to OTC medications, other non-medication remedies can also help manage cold and flu symptoms. Resting, staying hydrated, using saline nasal sprays or saline rinses, and using a humidifier in your home can all help alleviate symptoms and promote recovery.

Speak to a Pharmacist Before Taking OTC Medications

Here Are Common Side Effects Associated with OTC Medication for Common Colds & Flu

Like any other medications, over-the-counter (OTC) medications for managing cold and flu symptoms can have potential side effects. It's important to use them as directed and be aware of possible adverse effects. Here are some common side effects associated with the medications mentioned earlier

OTC MEDICATIONSIDE EFFECTS
Decongestant·    Common side effects: Increased heart rate,
increased blood pressure, nervousness, restlessness,
insomnia, and dry mouth.
·    Less common side effects: Dizziness, headache,
upset stomach, difficulty urinating, and allergic reactions.
Cough Suppressant ·    Common side effects: Drowsiness, dizziness, nausea,
upset stomach, constipation.
·    Less common side effects: Allergic reactions,
hallucinations, confusion, rapid or irregular heartbeat.
Pain Relievers/ fever Reducer·    Acetaminophen: Common side effects are rare, but can
include skin rash, nausea, vomiting, and liver toxicity if
taken in excess or combined with alcohol.
·    Ibuprofen: Common side effects can include upset
stomach, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, headache,
dizziness, and allergic reactions.
·    Aspirin: Common side effects can include upset
stomach heartburn, nausea, vomiting, rash, and bleeding
(especially if used in high doses or for prolonged periods).
Aspirin should not be used in children and teenagers
due to the risk of Reye's syndrome, a serious condition.
Antihistamines- Antihistamines can cause side effects such as drowsiness,
dry mouth, and blurred vision.

When Taking OTC Medication

It's important to carefully read and follow the dosing instructions on the package, and avoid exceeding the recommended dose or duration of use. If you experience any severe or persistent side effects or have any concerns, it's best to consult with a healthcare professional.

It's also significant to note that some OTC medications may interact with other medications you may be taking or may not be suitable for certain populations, such as children, pregnant or breastfeeding women, and individuals with certain health conditions. It's always wise to consult with a healthcare professional, especially if you have any underlying health conditions or are taking other medications, to ensure the safety and effectiveness of OTC medications for managing cold and flu symptoms.

In conclusion, OTC medications can be effective in managing common cold and flu symptoms, providing relief from congestion, cough, sore throat, and body aches. However, it's important to use them as directed, follow proper hygiene practices, and consult with a healthcare professional if you have any concerns or underlying health conditions.

Remember that while these medications can help alleviate symptoms, they do not cure the viral infections themselves. Stay vigilant in practicing good hygiene and taking care of your health to prevent the spread of cold and flu viruses, and consult with a healthcare professional if you have severe or prolonged symptoms.

Speak To A Pharmacist Before Taking Any Medication.

FOR YOUR TOTAL WELLNESS

Vitamin B12: What You Need to Know

Feeling tired all the time? Numbness in your hands and feet? Difficulty concentrating? You may be deficient in vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 is an essential vitamin that is involved in a variety of metabolic processes. A deficiency in vitamin B12 can lead to a number of health problems, including anemia, nerve damage, and mental health problems.

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency, it is important to talk to your doctor. A blood test can be used to diagnose vitamin B12 deficiency and determine the best course of treatment.

Getting Started

Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is essential for human health. It is involved in a variety of metabolic processes, including the formation of red blood cells, the maintenance of the nervous system, and the production of DNA. Vitamin B12 is found in animal products, such as meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and dairy products. It is not found in plant-based foods.

Get Familiar with the Health Benefits with Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is essential for several health benefits, including:

  • Red blood cell formation: Vitamin B12 is needed for the production of red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen to the tissues of the body. A deficiency in vitamin B12 can lead to anemia, a condition in which the body does not have enough red blood cells.
  • Nervous system function: Vitamin B12 is needed for the proper function of the nervous system. It helps to protect nerve cells and maintain nerve function. A deficiency in vitamin B12 can lead to nerve damage, which can cause a variety of symptoms, such as numbness, tingling, and weakness.
  • DNA production: Vitamin B12 is needed for the production of DNA. DNA is the genetic material that is found in all cells of the body. A deficiency in vitamin B12 can lead to problems with DNA production, which can increase the risk of certain cancers.
  • Mental health: Vitamin B12 is also important for mental health. It helps to maintain a healthy mood and cognitive function. A deficiency in vitamin B12 can lead to depression, anxiety, and cognitive impairment.

Who is at risk for vitamin B12 deficiency?

Some people are at an increased risk for vitamin B12 deficiency, including:

  • Vegetarians and vegans: People who follow a vegetarian or vegan diet are at an increased risk for vitamin B12 deficiency because vitamin B12 is not found in plant-based foods.
  • The elderly: The elderly are at an increased risk for vitamin B12 deficiency because they may have difficulty absorbing vitamin B12 from food.
  • People with certain medical conditions: People with certain medical conditions, such as pernicious anemia, are at an increased risk for vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • People who take certain medications: People who take certain medications, such as metformin, are at an increased risk for vitamin B12 deficiency.

How do you make sure you are getting enough vitamin B12?

Vitamin B12 is an essential nutrient that is involved in a variety of bodily functions, including the production of red blood cells, the maintenance of the nervous system, and the production of DNA. Vitamin B12 is found in animal products, such as meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and dairy products. It is not found in plant-based foods.

The Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for vitamin B12 for adults is 2.4 micrograms (mcg) per day. Pregnant women and breastfeeding women need slightly more vitamin B12, 2.8 mcg and 2.6 mcg per day, respectively.

The best way to get enough vitamin B12 is to eat foods that are naturally rich in vitamin B12, such as:

  • Meat: Beef, pork, lamb, chicken, and fish
  • Poultry: Chicken, turkey, and duck
  • Fish: Salmon, tuna, mackerel, and sardines
  • Eggs: Eggs
  • Dairy products: Milk, cheese, and yogurt

If you do not eat animal products, you can get vitamin B12 from fortified foods, such as:

  • Breakfast cereals
  • Plant-based milk
  • Nutritional yeast

You can also get vitamin B12 from vitamin B12 supplements. Vitamin B12 supplements are available in a variety of forms, including capsules, tablets, and liquids.

- elechi

CONSULT A PHARMACIST

ABOUT PLACING YOUR ORDER

What are the symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency?

The symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency can vary depending on the severity of the deficiency. Some common symptoms include:

  • Anemia: Anemia is a condition in which the body does not have enough red blood cells. Symptoms of anemia can include fatigue, shortness of breath, pale skin, and lightheadedness.
  • Nerve damage: Nerve damage can cause a variety of symptoms, such as numbness, tingling, and weakness.
  • Mental health problems: Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to depression, anxiety, and cognitive impairment.

How can I prevent vitamin B12 deficiency?

  • Eat a balanced diet that includes foods that are naturally rich in vitamin B12. These foods include meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and dairy products.
  • If you are a vegetarian or vegan, make sure to eat foods that are fortified with vitamin B12. These foods include breakfast cereals, plant-based milk, and nutritional yeast.
  • Talk to your doctor about taking a vitamin B12 supplement. This is especially important if you are at risk for vitamin B12 deficiency, such as if you are over the age of 50, have a digestive disorder, or are taking certain medications.
  • Get regular blood tests to check your vitamin B12 levels. This is especially important if you are at risk for vitamin B12 deficiency.

By following these tips, you can help ensure that you are getting enough vitamin B12 and staying healthy.

Here are some additional tips for preventing vitamin B12 deficiency:

  • Cook your food thoroughly. Cooking food helps to release vitamin B12 from the food.
  • Avoid eating raw or undercooked meat. Raw or undercooked meat can contain bacteria that can damage your ability to absorb vitamin B12.
  • If you have a digestive disorder, talk to your doctor about how to get enough vitamin B12. Some digestive disorders can make it difficult to absorb vitamin B12 from food.
  • If you are taking certain medications, talk to your doctor about how they may affect your vitamin B12 levels. Some medications can interfere with the absorption of vitamin B12.

To conclude

Vitamin B12 is an essential vitamin that is involved in a variety of metabolic processes. A deficiency in vitamin B12 can lead to several health problems, including anemia, nerve damage, and mental health problems. If you are at risk for vitamin B12 deficiency, it is important to talk to your doctor about how to get enough vitamin B12.

Here are some additional tips for getting enough vitamin B12:

  • If you are a vegetarian or vegan, make sure to eat foods that are fortified with vitamin B12, such as breakfast cereals, plant-based milk, and nutritional yeast.
  • If you are over the age of 50, talk to your doctor about whether you should take a vitamin B12 supplement.
  • If you have a medical condition that makes you more likely to be deficient in vitamin B12, talk to your doctor about how to get enough vitamin B12.

By following these tips, you can help ensure that you are getting enough vitamin B12 and staying healthy.

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